What is the angular displacement of the wheel between t = 5 s and t = 15 s?

what is the angular displacement of the wheel between t = 5 s and t = 15 s_

How Much Angular Displacement Will A Wheel Cover In The Time Between t =5 seconds & t =15 seconds for the given graph?

After completing linear motion kinematics, projectile motion and Newton’s Law of Motion, the next topic which you study in Physics is “Circular Motion”.

Though circular motion and linear motion are much different from each other yet they are interrelated to each other in many aspects.

What Is Circular Motion & Terms Used In It?

Whenever a point mass moves around a fixed point in a circular path, its motion is termed as circulation motion. In linear motion, we study about displacement, velocity, height and acceleration, etc. Whereas, in circular one, we have to study a few extra terms like- angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration etc. but here too, we will need linear ones.

  1.  Angular Displacement :

  Angular displacement of a point mass is the angle that measures how many radians it has revolved from its initial position. It is denoted with theta (θ).

  • Angular Velocity :

Angular velocity is nothing but the rate of change in angular displacement . It’s measured in radian/sec and denoted with omega (ω).

  • Angular Acceleration :

                       Angular acceleration shows the

                       rate of change in angular

                       velocity. It is the second order

                       derivative of angular

                       displacement and is denoted by 

                       alpha (α) and measured in             

                       radian/sec2.

  • How Are Circular And Linear Motion Related To Each Other?

 Circular motion is related to the linear motion in the following ways-

  1. Relation Between Angular Displacement (θ) And Linear Displacement (s)

In the above diagram, θ is the angular displacemet of a particle moving in a circular path, s is linear displacement of particle and r is the radius of the circular path.

As we know from the basics of mathematics,

   angle = arc/ radius ….(i)

From the diagram; angle is θ, radius is r and arc length is s. On substituting this data in equation (i), we get

  θ = s/r

or, we can write it s= r θ.

  • Relation between angular velocity (ω) and linear velocity (v)

                        From the relationship between

                        angular displacement and

                        linear displacement,

                            s= r θ     …(ii)

                           differentiating with respect to

                           time t, we get

                           ds/dt = d/dt(r θ)

                                  v= r dθ/dt

                            finally, v= rω    …(iii)

                        In the vector form, it’s written as

                              v = ω × r where, v, ω and r        

                        in vector form.

  • Relation Between Angular Acceleration And Linear Acceleration

From the relationship between angular velocity ω and linear velocity v,

        v= rω …(iii)

Now, differentiating this with respect to time,

    dv/dt = d/dt(rω)

     a      = r dω/dt

                            a      = r α …(iv)

                        In the vector form, it’s written as

                              a = r × α  where, a,α and r       

                        in vector form.

Now, let’s come to the solution of our question.

 The equation s= r θ works only in case the data asked in question is instantaneous. Here, in the question, we have to calculate angular displacement between a given time interval. So this approach will not work.

 Appropriate Approach To Attempt This Question-

   We have to evaluate the instantaneous angular displacement at time t= 15 second and t= 5 second. The difference of θ(t=15) and θ(t=5) will be the resultant angular displacement of the wheel between t= 5 sec and t= 15 sec.

What is the angular displacement of the wheel between t = 5 s and t = 15 s?

      Solution:

            Instantaneous angular displacement of wheel wheel at t= 5 sec

              θ1 = θ(t=5) = 200 rad

          And, at t= 15 sec

                θ2 = θ(t= 15) = 250 rad

         So, resultant angular displacement of wheel between t= 5 sec and t= 15 sec

               θresultant = θ2 – θ1

                           = 250 – 200

                          = 50 radian