RPA Developer- Robotic Process Automation Careers

rpa developer

We all have had the experience of filling out an online form or received notifications for online payments. But, how are these things done in real time? The answer to this question is what brings us to the discussion about RPA, i.e. Robotic Process Automation. This is the process that allows for software robots to capture data and perform certain tasks like generation of automated emails and streamlining the process of business operation.  With the outline of RPA discussed, let us move on to analyse who an RPA developer is and what are the relevant career opportunities in this regard.


The primary task of an RPA developer is to create an optimized workflow process and for this task, he has to coordinate and function alongside business analysts and business operations. It is a new career path with different titles at different organisations and similar positions are also referred with titles like Process Designer or Automation Architect.  However, the prime role of an RPA developer needs certain skills like planning and documentation. The RPA developer is required to create workflow diagrams and document the entire process before implementation.

Any person who is involved in the task of an RPA developer would be designing and managing workflow automation projects, testing or fixing bugs and even coding. The key to being a successful RPA developer is to have appropriate knowledge on various technologies. Moving on to talk about the skills required for an RPA developer, a person is expected to possess the following qualities, which are considered as the most important and are listed below:

STRATEGIC PLANNING: Setting goals and initiatives and arranging and planning a suitable workflow for a particular project is one of the primary requirements to being a successful RPA Developer.

ANALYTICAL SKILLS: An RPA developer will be required to analyse a particular process and provide suggestions thereby to improve the workflow. Therefore it is necessary for an RPA developer to work in such a way as to contribute to the increase in workflow.

PROBLEM SOLVING: When you work with machines, mistakes are bound to happen every now and then. Automation process is not always as easy as it sounds. That is where an RPA developer’s ability to fix and test bugs comes into play. This talent in hand also saves the time and stress involved, thus smoothing out the crisis.

PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: To any RPA developer, it is important to have experience and also sufficient knowledge on programming languages like C, C++, JAVA etc,.

The above listed skills are some of the key aspects related to an RPA developer. However, it is no such rule that a person aspiring to be an RPA developer should limit their skills only to this much. RPA DEVELOPER as a career option is a thriving field as of date. To the IT industry, this leads to a promising spike in the hiring process and strong RPA skills are definitely highly valued and come with an attractive salary.

Further listed are the advantages and disadvantages of RPA as a field.

RPA is surely a fast growing industry with benefits of its own. This doesn’t mean that they come without certain pros and cons.  It is important to address both the positive and negative aspects of a field before deciding on the career opportunities.


Listed below are some of the notable advantages of Robotic Process Automation software.

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DOES NOT REQUIRE CODE: RPA doesn’t require any particular coding or programming knowledge. Therefore employees only need to know how RPA works and can be trained on how to create bots using a GUI (Graphical User Interface). This way it also gives an advantage over the traditional methods of automation.

NON-DISRUPTIVE: Transformation processes that are too complex are one of the major challenges faced by the IT industry. However, the transformation process in RPA is not very complex be it in terms of redesigning, replacing or redesigning, enhancing and running the system. The security and quality of the RPA robots are also assured.

USER-FRIENDLY: As stated earlier, RPA does not require any special knowledge. RPA software is easy to understand and easy to use.  Some RPA software also include the option to create and edit bots manually using a Task Editor.

RICH ANALYTICS: RPA software contains an in-built analytical suite that evaluates the performances of the bots. It also helps in monitoring and managing the automated functions from a central console that is accessible from anywhere.

SECURITY: RPA tools provide the assistance in assigning roles based security to ensure action specific permissions. The automated data and audits which can be accessed by bots are encrypted to avoid any kind of tampering from being done. This ensures internal security.

ACTIONABLE INTELLIGENCE: This is the ability to gain and apply knowledge as skills. Robots obtain data, convert them into information and then transform information into actionable intelligence for users.

DEBUGGING: This is regarded as one of the biggest advantages of RPA. It allows developers to test different scenarios without stopping or starting the running process.


Robotic Process Automation also comes with certain disadvantages which can be discussed as follows:

JOB LOSSES: If a robot can work comparatively there is an assumption that human input is not needed. Though there is no accurate count in this belief, there is a slight chance that this might occur.

INVESTMENT COSTS: RPA is in its stage of innovation. Therefore it is not an easy decisions for organizations on whether or not they need to

PROCESS SELECTION: The non-standard process is difficult to automate and so there are limited tasks that you can automate with RPA.

Now that we are through the pros and cons of RPA, let us move on to discuss RPA development as a career. Here is a comprehensive compilation of RPA developer skills, salary and jobs.

Here are some important aspects of RPA development.

•           RPA is the fastest growing enterprise technology.

•           It is a booming industry because of the complexity in work demanding smarter machines.

•           The learning curve for the RPA software is really low. Also, the average RPA programmers tend to be paid competitively compared to most other professions in the industry.

•           RPA developer opportunities are increasing really faster. Moving on, the following are the roles that are considered important for the success of any RPA project.

•           Strong problem solving and analytical skills are required in order to understand the current process, identify the improvements and automation opportunities.

•           Like any other project, RPA projects also require project managing activities like ensuring the completion of requirements and also making sure that the completion is made on time. Requirement and experience with reference to project management include, 2 to 3 years experience and a firm understanding of project management tasks

If you are a person who is looking to become an RPA developer, these are the following preconditions that you need to be aware of. RPA is still an emerging industry with a lot of opportunities awaiting. So, first of all, choose a RPA platform according to your suitability. All RPA platforms have Graphic User Interface (GUI) and it helps in understanding the underlying technology. Based on which programming language you are familiar with (like python, JAVA, etc,.) you can choose one amongst the popular RPA platforms.  You can also learn about RPA through appropriate certification or you can straight away start with developing RPA bots. The next step is to start building. Open source RPA solutions would also enable you in this process of enhancing your RPA development skills.

There are different opportunities available for an RPA Developer. Some of which are discussed below.

1.RPA companies especially larger ones that build bots and other automated processes.

2.Implementation Partners to RPA companies that include service companies and RPA consultants.  These companies are the largest employers in terms of RPA developers.

3. End users of RPA. Most of these companies might not recruit on a large scale but this category is the largest employer of RPA developers.

4.Other tech savvy companies including automated processing companies leverage on RPA developers to deploy solutions faster without any complex process.

Career As RPA Developer :

If you are a more experienced RPA developer, you can also follow certain things to establish yourself in the industry. For example, you can increase your credibility by publishing plugins and bots. Creating these reusable solutions always prove to increase a developer’s worth. You can also prefer to use process mining tools in order to increase the speed of your bot development. A vendor even claims that process mining can increase business value for RPA by 44%.

RPA Developers Salary :

The salary benefits of an RPA developer are also considerable in nature. As discussed earlier, RPA developers tend to be paid competitively however lower than other developers. According to the reports from a certain job providing website, the lowest salary for a RPA developer in India is INR300000 and the highest salary is INR 1105000. The salary of an RPA developer also tends to increase with experience.

In conclusion, RPA as mentioned a lot of times earlier is an emerging industry and has an array of opportunities at its disposal. Therefore it is certainly a field that could be considered for a career.